2024. május 21. kedd
IDŐJÁRÁS - angol nyelvű folyóirat

Vol. 126, No. 4 * Pages 425–582 * October - December 2022


Journal of the Hungarian Meteorological Service

letöltés [pdf: 8136 KB]
Synoptic circulation patterns associated with foehn days in Sofia in the period 1979–2014
Krasimir Stoev, Piia Post, and Guergana Guerova
DOI:10.28974/idojaras.2022.4.5 (pp. 545–560)
 PDF (2835 KB)   |   Abstract

Foehn is a well-known example of local atmospheric circulation and is an extreme weather event for wind gusts. It can cause rapid snowmelt in spring or spread of forest fire in summer, as well as significant economic losses. The foehn in Bulgaria is observed on the northern slopes of the mountains.  For the period 1979–2014, 261 foehn days are registered north of the Vitosha mountain, where Sofia valley is located. The average annual number of foehn days is 8.1, 8.3, and 4.5 for the periods 1985–1994, 1995–2004, and 2005–2014. After 2004, the average annual number of days with foehn decreases, and the lowest maximum wind gusts are registered. To check whether atmospheric circulation changes, could be the reason for this change two objective circulation classifications and a manual one are used to study the foehn occurrence in the Sofia valley. Based on the GrossWettertypen (GWT) catalogue of circulation patterns produced by the COST Action 733 and ten circulation types of the Jenkinson-Collison (JCT) catalogue of weather types the largest number of foehn days occur at the SW, W, and NW circulation patterns. GWT and JCT classifications with 26 types confirm the foehn occurrence during the W and SW flows, but add two more cyclonic types, the CW and CSW. For the foehn days in March 1979–2014, best agreement was found with the manual circulation classification with 26 types. A comparison between the decades 1995–2004 and 2005–2014 shows a substantial decrease in western and northwestern circulation types during the foehn days. An analysis of circulation types for all days confirms an overall reduction of W and NW circulation types after 2004.


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